تأثیر دما بر زیست‌شناسی و فراسنجه ‏های جدول زندگی سفیدبالک یاس، Aleuroclava jasmini (Takahashi) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی -انگلیسی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

2 استاد دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

3 دانشیار دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

10.22055/ppr.2021.16718

چکیده

دراین تحقیق زیست‌شناسی و فراسنجه ‏های جدول زندگی سفیدبالک یاسAleuroclava jasmini (Takahashi) در پنج دمای ثابت در شرایط آزمایشگاهی (20، 25، 27، 30 و 32 درجه سلسیوس) بررسی شد. میانگین طول دوره رشد پیش از بلوغ سفیدبالک یاس ماده در بازه‌ای بین 22/53 در دمای 20 درجه سلسیوس تا 70/26 روز در 32 درجه سلسیوس قرار داشت. میانگین مرگ و میر پیش از بلوغ با افزایش دما از 77/41 به 07/16 کاهش یافت. آستانه رشد تخم، پوره سن اول، دوم، سوم و چهارم ویک نسل به ترتیب 87/14، 33/9، 10، 44/14، 50/10 و 13 درجه سلسیوس بود در حالی‌که میانگین تعداد روز درجه مورد نیاز در هر مرحله به ترتیب 208/105، 688/143، 95/75، 523/37، 904/134 و 61/465 روز درجه بود. میانگن تعداد تخم کل سفیدبالک A. jasmini در دماهای 20، 25، 27، 30 و 32 درجه سلسیوس به ترتیب 24/18، 19/22، 53/25، 28/38 و 93/29 و میانگین طول عمر در دماهای ذکر شده به ترتیب 41/12، 35/7، 40/3، 64/2 و 12/2 روز محاسبه شد. نرخ ذاتی افزایش جمعیت در دماهای 20، 25، 27، 30 و 32 درجه‌سلسیوس به ترتیب 042/0، 061/0، 089/0، 127/0 و 114/0 ماده/ ماده/ روز به دست آمد. دمای بهینه برای رشد، بقا و تولیدمثل سفید بالک یاس در دامنه دمایی مورد مطالعه، 30 درجه سلسیوس بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of temperature on biology and life table parameters of the jasmine whitefly, Aleuroclava jasmini (Takahashi) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Ghodrati 1
  • P. Shishehbor 2
  • F. Kocheili 3
1 M.Sc. Graduate Student, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
2 Professor, Shahid Chamran University of Shvaz
3 Associate Professor, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
چکیده [English]

Biology and life table parameters of the jasmine whitefly, Aleuroclava jasmini (Takahashi) were studied at five constant temperatures (20, 25, 27, 30 and 32 °C) under laboratory conditions. Egg-to-adult developmental time of female ranged from 53.22 at 20 °C to 26.70 days at 32 °C. Immature mortality decreased from 41.77 to 16.07 % with increasing temperature from 20 to 30 °C. The threshold temperatures of egg, first, second, third and fourth nymphal stage (prepupa+ pupa) and a generation were 14.87, 9.33, 10, 14.44, 10.50 and 13 °C whereas the degree-day requirement at each stage was 105.208, 143.688, 75.95, 37.523, 134.904 and 465.61 DD, respectively. The mean total fecundity of A. jasmine was 18.24, 22.19, 25.53, 38.28 and 29.93 eggs at 20, 25, 27, 30 and 32 °C, respectively. Also, the mean adult longevity was 12.41, 7.35, 3.40, 2.64 and 2.12 days at the same five temperatures. The intrinsic rate of increase was 0.042, 0.061, 0.089, 0.127 and 0.114 female/ female/ day at 20, 25, 27, 30 and 32 °C, respectively. Optimal temperature for development, survival, and reproduction, within the range examined, was 30 °C.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aleuroclava jasmini
  • life history
  • Intrinsic rate of natural increase
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