اثر گیاهان میزبان بر واکنش تابعی کفشدوزک کنه خوار Stethorus gilvifrons روی کنه Tetranychus turkestani

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی -انگلیسی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد حشره شناسی کشاورزی، گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

2 استاد گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

4 پژوهشگر حشره‏ شناسی، آزمایشگاه ملی کنترل بیولوژیک، سازمان تحقیقات کشاورزی، بخش کشاورزی امریکا، استونویل، MS 38776، امریکا

چکیده

کنه تارتن توت فرنگی Tetranychus turkestani Ugarov and Nikolski یکی از مهم‌ترین آفات گیاهان زراعی و گلخانه‌ای در خوزستان است. هدف این مطالعه بررسی واکنش تابعی کفشدوزک Stethorus gilvifrons Mulsant روی تراکم‌های مختلف کنه T. turkestani روی سه نوع لوبیا: لوبیا چشم بلبلی(Vigna unguiculata L.) ، لوبیا سفید(Phaseolus lunatus L.)  و لوبیا قرمز (Phaseolus calcaratus Roxb.) در دمای2 ± 30 درجه سلسیوس، رطوبت نسبی10 ± 60 درصد و دوره روشنایی: تاریکی 8:16 ساعت بود. هر کفشدوزک بالغ به مدت 24 ساعت بر روی برگ‌های هر کدام از میزبان‌های گیاهی مذکور حامل تراکم‌هایی از 4، 8، 12، 24، 48 و 96 کنه بالغ T. turkestani روی دیسک برگی در یک پتری دیش با قطر 9 سانتی‌متر نگهداری شد. تجزیه و تحلیل رگرسیونی لوجستیک نشان داد نوع واکنش تابعی روی لوبیا چشم بلبلی، لوبیا سفید و لوبیا قرمز به ترتیب نوع سوم ، دوم و دوم بود. بیش‌ترین نرخ حمله (1219/0) و کوتاه‌ترین زما ن دست‌یابی (2301/0) به ترتیب روی لوبیا سفید و لوبیا قرمز ثبت شد. بیش‌ترین نرخ شکارگری (T/Th) روی گیاهان مذکور 74/72، 42/60 و 30/104 کنه در روز بود. این مطالعه آزمایشگاهی پیشنهاد می‌کند که خصوصیات گیاه میزبان بر توانایی کفشدوزک S. gilvifrons جهت واکنش به تغییر در تراکم کنه T. turkestani اثر می‌گذارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of host plants on the functional response of the acarophagous ladybird beetle, Stethorus gilvifrons to Tetranychus turkestani

نویسندگان [English]

  • F. Bazazzadeh 1
  • P. shishehbor 2
  • M. Esfandiari 3
  • E. W. Riddick 4
1 M.Sc. Graduate student of Agricultural Entomology, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
4 Research Entomologist, National Biological Control Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Stoneville, MS 38776, USA
چکیده [English]

The strawberry spider mite, Tetranychus turkestani Ugarov and Nikolski, is an important pest of various field and glasshouse crops in Iran. This study aimed to determine the functional response of adult females of Stethorus gilvifrons Mulsant to different densities of T. turkestani on three fabaceous host plant species: cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.), white bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.), and red bean (Phaseolus calcaratus Roxb.) at 30±2 °C, 60±10 % RH, and a photoperiod of 16L: 8D. Beetles were starved for 24 h before testing and then isolated singly for 24 h in 9-cm Petri dishes with 4, 8, 12, 24, 48, or 96 adult females of T. turkestani. Logistic regression analysis revealed a type III response on cowpeas. Constant (b) and handling time were 0.00718 and 0.3299 h, respectively. In contrast, a type II response was observed in white beans and red beans. The maximum attack (0.1219 h-1) and the minimum handling time (0.2301 h) were recorded on white beans and red beans, respectively. The maximum attack rates (T/Th) were 72.74, 60.42, and 104.30 eggs/day on cowpeas, white beans, and red beans, respectively. This laboratory study suggests that the plant features affect the capability of S. gilvifrons to respond to changes in a high T. turkestani density.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attack rate
  • handling time
  • Fabaceae
  • Strawberry spider mite
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